Every thriving market has two types of traders: market makers and market takers. Successful trading on any exchange requires two parties: a creator and a taker. The creator places an order while a recipient accepts this placed order. This is the basic end to a market operation: someone makes an offer and someone else accepts.
Market makers generally try to buy at the current best offer or sell at the current best offer, that is, they create a market that is reflected in the current price. Market makers are almost always ready to buy or sell but may tend to pull back during periods of extreme volatility.
Market takers are less concerned with executing the best bid or offer, but rather seek liquidity and immediacy, which is reinforced by the constant availability of a tight bid spread created by market makers.
Market Makers are vital in the market as they add liquidity and depth to the markets in hopes of capitalizing on the spread difference between bids and requests or from expected price entries during market volatility. Liquidity and immediacy when entering or exiting positions. The market maker aims to receive a premium from the market taker in return for providing constant liquidity.
Market makers tend to change their positions quickly, generally regardless of whether they are long or short. Their goal is to always be positioned in the market as every moment they trade, it can cause potential gains with relatively low risk. On the contrary, every moment they are out of the market, it can lead to opportunity costs. As a result, market makers are often active in many different markets at the same time, so that their profitability is not tied to the flow of orders in a particular market. Its liquidity and depth for the markets attract buyers visible through order books resulting in higher trading volume and liquidity which tends to attract more manufacturers to provide their liquidity.
Market takers need liquidity and immediacy to ensure that there is a fair price whenever they need to enter a trade or close an existing position. Market takers accept that they have to give up the benefit in exchange for the service provided by the market maker. Market takers change their positions less often than market makers and are therefore generally less concerned about trading costs.
Some market takers trade frequently, but market makers tend to be much more active in terms of volume and number of transactions depending on the nature of their business.